Male infertility is a common and often overlooked issue that affects many couples trying to conceive. Despite the misconception that infertility is solely a female concern, male factors contribute to approximately 30% of infertility cases. Dr Yossi Unterslak from Vitalab sheds light on this crucial aspect of reproductive health, emphasizing the need for comprehensive testing and tailored treatments for men facing fertility challenges.

The Importance of Male Fertility Testing:

In many cases, couples struggling with infertility turn to gynaecologists for assistance, and unfortunately, initial evaluations often focus solely on the female partner. Dr Unterslak highlights the significance of addressing male fertility concerns early in the diagnostic process to avoid unnecessary tests and delays in achieving a successful pregnancy.

Sperm Analysis: Key Tests for Male Infertility:

  1. Sperm Concentration:
    • Sperm concentration measures the number of sperm present in one millilitre of semen. A low sperm count can significantly impact fertility.
  2. Sperm Motility:
    • Motility refers to the sperm’s ability to move effectively. Poor motility can hinder the sperm’s journey to fertilize the egg.
  3. Morphology:
    • Morphology assesses the shape and structure of sperm. Abnormalities in sperm morphology may affect their ability to penetrate the egg.
  4. Semen Volume:
    • Semen volume measures the amount of fluid ejaculated. An abnormal volume may indicate issues with the seminal vesicles or prostate.
  5. Vitality:
    • Vitality assesses the percentage of live sperm in a sample. Low vitality may indicate problems with sperm function.

Treatment Approaches for Male Infertility:

  1. Lifestyle Modifications:
    • Lifestyle factors such as diet, exercise, and avoiding tobacco and excessive alcohol have an impact on male fertility. Making positive changes can enhance sperm quality.
  2. Intrauterine Insemination (IUI):
    • IUI involves placing sperm directly into the uterus during the woman’s fertile window, increasing the chances of successful fertilization.
  3. Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI):
    • In more severe cases of male infertility, where sperm quality or quantity is a significant concern, ICSI may be recommended. This involves injecting a single sperm directly into the egg to facilitate fertilization.
  4. Hormone Therapy:
    • Hormonal imbalances can contribute to male infertility. Hormone therapy may be prescribed to address issues such as low testosterone or elevated levels of estrogen.
  5. Surgical Interventions:
    • Surgical procedures can correct anatomical issues that may impede sperm production or delivery.

Male infertility is a complex issue that requires a thorough and inclusive approach to diagnosis and treatment. Dr Yossi Unterslak’s insights highlight the importance of early and comprehensive testing for male factors. By addressing male fertility concerns alongside female evaluations, couples can receive personalized and effective fertility treatments, ultimately increasing their chances of achieving a successful pregnancy.

The Male Fertility Assessment at Vitalab includes a series of essential tests to evaluate key factors affecting fertility. From sperm concentration and motility to morphology and vitality, we leave no stone unturned in understanding your reproductive health. Following the assessment, you will have a 15-minute telephonic consultation with one of our fertility specialists. This personalized discussion allows us to interpret your results and provide insights into potential areas of concern or improvement. Our specialists will guide you on the next steps based on your unique situation.