A couple is considered infertile if there is a lack of pregnancy after one year of unprotected intercourse. Infertility is classified as primary or secondary depending on medical history. Primary infertility is when a couple has never achieved a pregnancy before. Secondary infertility is where the couple is unable to conceive after they have already had a child. History of pregnancy includes all pregnancies, even those that resulted in miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy. The cause of infertility is approximately 1/3rd male causes and 1/3rd female causes and 1/3rd a combination of male and female causes.
It is estimated that one in six couples face difficulties when conceiving.
Diminished Ovarian Reserve
Diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) is when a woman’s ovaries do not contain as many oocytes as would be expected at her age – it commonly happens during the pre-menopausal years.
Premature Ovarian Failure
Premature ovarian failure is the medical term used to describe early menopause, the loss of ovarian function before age 35. Menopause usually occurs in women between the ages of 42 and 56.
Blocked Fallopian Tubes
One of the many causes of infertility is tubal disease, which is when one or both of your fallopian tubes becomes blocked or damaged. Damaged fallopian tubes prevent the sperm from reaching the egg…
Endometriosis is a disorder in which endometrial tissue (tissue that lines the inside of the uterus) grows outside the uterine cavity.
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is caused by hormonal imbalances of a woman’s sex hormones which prevents the body’s process of producing and releasing eggs from the ovary.
Fibroids, are non-cancerous (benign) growths that develop in or on the uterus. They can interfere with pregnancy in many ways.
Hyperprolactinemia is a disorder marked by the over production of prolactin produced by the pituitary gland. Prolactin is a hormone that stimulates milk production in women.
An adhesion is scar tissue that can make the tissue or organs inside your body stick together. All organs in your abdominal cavity are covered with smooth, slippery tissue allowing organs to slide past each other.
There can be many causes of male infertility and therefore, Vitalab takes a systematic approach to find the diagnosis.